Political Advocacy

Political Advocacy

Container-Based Sanitation (CBS) can and should assist the State in closing the gaps in access to safe sanitation in peri-urban areas.

SANIMA 2024-275

Sanima will be an important partner in this policy of the Ministry of Housing, ensuring that no Peruvian is without access to water and sanitation.

Max Carbajal, Director Gneral of MVCS [Watch video]

Why should the state invest in Container-Based Sanitation (CBS)?

It is safe sanitation.

In 2018, the Joint Monitoring Program of UNICEF and WHO formally recognized CBS as improved and safely managed sanitation, as part of the update to its guidelines for countries to monitor their progress in water, sanitation, and hygiene. [See more]

It is immediately implementable.

The World Bank, through its Citywide Inclusive Sanitation (CWIS) approach, recommends implementing complementary solutions – such as CBS – that are quickly deployable and focus on service provision rather than infrastructure construction, which can take decades. [See more]

It is a global public-private solution.

The Container-Based Sanitation Alliance (CBSA) brings together organizations implementing CBS in dozens of cities around the world, who collaborate with municipalities, ministries, and other public authorities to provide dignified, safe, and accessible sanitation in vulnerable urban areas. [See more]

It is climate-smart.

CBS does not require water to operate, a critical and essential resource. Additionally, the collected sludge is treated and can be transformed into valuable resources to nourish soils or produce energy, reducing carbon emissions and helping to combat climate change. [See more]

It is well accepted and has a high satisfaction level.

As a service, CBS creates lasting and close relationships with its users, resulting in high satisfaction levels and high service payment rates (> 90%). A study by the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru revealed that 100% of Sanima users interviewed would recommend the service.

What other benefits does the SPC have?


Sanima subsidizes 80% of the service cost through private donations. The remaining cost is paid by user households, but without support from the Peruvian State, these amounts are still high. This can and should change with public investment.


The Sanima model can be replicated by other public or private organizations. If you are interested in bringing Container-Based Sanitation (CBS) to your city, contact us.